Executive Editor

David J. Gibson
Professor of Plant Biology at Southern Illinois University, USA
@DavidJohnGibson | LinkedIn

David’s research encompasses all aspects of plant population and community ecology, especially in temperate grassland, deciduous forest, or agroecosystems. Foci include invasive species, rare species, restoration ecology, seeking to understand the spatial and temporal patterns and processes underlying plant interactions, the role of dominant plants, and the effects of intraspecific variation.

Senior Editors

Richard D. Bardgett
Professor of Ecology at The University of Manchester, UK

Richard’s research is concerned with understanding the roles that linkages between aboveground and belowground communities play in regulating the structure and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, and their response to global change. Much of his current research is focussed on understanding the role that plant-soil interactions play in the delivery of ecosystem services, especially soil carbon sequestration and nutrient cycling.

Mark Rees
Professor of Plant Ecology at the University of Sheffield, UK

Mark is interested in a wide range of ecological and evolutionary problems. He uses a range of approaches from simple analytical models, through to evolutionarily stable strategy models for the evolution of plant traits and more complex structured models, in particular integral projection models. These more complex models allow individuals within the population to be characterised by multiple traits, density dependent interactions between individuals, and stochasticity in the environment. These models have been used to address a range of life-history problems using field data to parameterise the models. In a more applied setting Mark has used models to explore the dynamics and control of invasive weeds. In addition to this he is also interested in statistical estimation problems related to the analysis and interpretation of ecological experiments. Recent work has focussed on the analysis and interpretation of growth experiment and methods for linking seed and seedling traits.

Amy T. Austin
Assistant Professor of Ecology at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Amy's broad scale research interests are in the area of terrestrial ecosystem ecology, particularly related to abiotic and biotic controls on ecosystem processes. Amy's field sites cover a range of natural and human modified ecosystems in Patagonia, Argentina where she is esearching controls on litter decomposition, biogeochemical cycles, natural abundance of stable isotopes, and the potential impacts of global change in a range of grassland and forest ecosystems.

Anthony J. Davy (Biological Flora of the British Isles)
Professor of Ecology at the University of East Anglia, UK

Tony's research focuses mainly on plant ecology in coastal and aquatic systems, ecological restoration and conservation, frequently involving population-based and eco-physiological studies that are aimed at both the advancement of ecological understanding and its practical application. Much of his work is designed to provide scientific under-pinning for species conservation for or the reconstruction of degraded ecosystems.


Blog Editor

Pierre Mariotte 
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

Pierre’s research focuses on the role of aboveground and belowground interactions in mediating climate change impacts in grassland ecosystems. His research is field-oriented and aims at better understanding how soil microbial community can improve plant resistance against drought, and how these plant-soil interactions maintain community stability and ecosystem functioning. Much of his interest is related to nutrient stoichiometry, plant functional traits, fungal community, mycorrhizae, drought-resistant subordinate plants, climate and land-use change, ecosystem processes and services. His approach includes a wide range of techniques, such as microbial community analysis, isotopic labeling, tomography and gas exchange measurements.


Associate Editors

Rien Aerts, Free University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Peter Alpert, University of Massachusetts, USA
Meghan Avolio, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center, USA
Ignasi Bartomeus, Estación Biológica de Doñana, Spain
Peter J. Bellingham, Landcare Research, New Zealand
Stephen P. Bonser, University of New South Wales, Australia
Caroline Brophy, Maynooth University, Ireland
Yvonne Buckley, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
James F. Cahill, University of Alberta, Canada
Duncan Cameron, University of Sheffield, UK
Charlie D. Canham, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, USA
Kun-Fang Cao, Guangxi University, China
Jane Catford, University of Southampton, UK
Han Chen, Lakeland University, Canada
Hans J.H.C. Cornelissen, Free University, The Netherlands
Franciska De Vries, The University of Manchester, UK
Giselda Durigan, Instituto Florestal do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil
Andrew R. Dyer, University of South Carolina Aiken, USA
David Edwards, University of Sheffield, UK
Jason Fridley, Syracuse University, USA
Emily Farrer, Tulane University, USA
Jacquelyn Gill, University of Maine, USA
Frank S. Gilliam, Marshall University, USA
Lorena Gómez-Aparicio, IRNAS-CSIC, Spain
Dali Guo, Peking University, China
Matt Heard, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, UK
Andrew Hector, University of Oxford, UK
Martin Heil, CINVESTAV - Irapuato, Mexico
Laura Huenneke, Northern Arizona University, USA
Randall Hughes, Northeastern University, USA
Amy Iler, Aarhus University, Denmark
Hans Jacquemyn, University of Leuven, Belgium
Hans de Kroon, Radboud University, The Netherlands
Etienne Laliberté, University of Montréal, Canada
Jennifer Lau, Michigan State University, USA
John A. Lee, University of Sheffield, UK
Emily Lines, Queen Mary University of London, UK
Glenn R. Matlack, Ohio University, USA
Rebecca McCulley, University of Kentucky, USA
Matthew McGlone, Landcare Research, New Zealand
Liesje Mommer, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Gabriela Bielefeld Nardoto, Universidade de Brasília, Brazil
Christer Nilsson, Umea University, Sweden
Natalia Norden, Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, Colombia
Ryan Phillips, Kings Park and Botanic Gardens, Australia
Frida Piper, CIEP, Chile
Alison Power, Cornell University, USA
Honor C. Prentice, Lund University, Sweden
Nicole Rafferty, University of California, Riverside, USA
Julieta Rosell, UNAM, Mexico
Roberto Salguero-Gómez, University of Sheffield, UK
Mahesh Sankaran, National Centre for Biological Sciences, India
Akiko Satake, Hokkaido University, Japan
Susan Schwinning, Texas State University, USA
Marina Semchenko, University of Tartu, Estonia
Richard P. Shefferson, University of Tokyo, Japan
Brian Silliman, Duke University, USA
Nathan Swenson, Michigan State University, USA
Carol Thornber, The University of Rhode Island, United States
Peter Thrall, CSIRO Plant Industry, Australia
Matthew H. Turnbull, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Kathy Van Alstyne, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Germany
Nicole van Dam, Western Washington University, USA
Marcel van der Heijden, ART Research Station, Zürich, Switzerland
Peter Vesk, University of Melbourne, Australia
David Wardle, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Kenneth D. Whitney, University of New Mexico, USA
Gail W.T Wilson, Oklahoma State University, USA
Scott D. Wilson, University of Regina, Canada
Nina Wurzburger, University of Georgia, USA
Amy Zanne, The George Washington University, USA
Shurong Zhou, Fudan University, China
Gerhard Zotz, University of Oldenburg, Germany
Pieter A. Zuidema, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

Biological Flora of the British Isles

Mick Crawley, Imperial College London, UK
Oliver Pescott, Biological Records Centre, UK
Chris Preston, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, UK
Michael Proctor, University of Exeter, UK
Charlotte Seal, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
David Streeter, University of Sussex, UK
Peter Thomas, Keele University, UK
Michael Usher, University of Stirling, UK

Editorial Office

Managing Editor: Emilie Aimé
Assistant Editor: James Ross

Journal of Ecology
British Ecological Society
Charles Darwin House
12 Roger Street

Tel: +44 (0)207 685 2500
Fax: +44 (0)207 685 2501

Associate Editor Profiles 


Rien AertsFree University Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Rien’s research focuses on the interaction between climate change and biogeochemical cycling in cold terrestrial biomes. His main interest is how climate change in these biomes affects carbon release both from plant litter and the large reservoirs of soil organic matter and how this feeds back to the climate. His approach includes a wide array of techniques, from microbial analyses, via plant trait functional effects and responses, to ecosystem modelling.


Peter Alpert, University of Massachusetts, USA

Peter’s current research focuses on the ecology of introduced, invasive plants, including environmental controls of invasiveness; and on the biology of clonal plants, especially the physiological basis and community ecology of vegetative spread. His past research experience includes work on desiccation tolerance in bryophytes. Peter has also pursued an interest in science for policy through work on integrated conservation and development projects at the U.S. Agency for International Development and membership on the U.S. Federal Invasive Species Advisory Committee, and in policy for science as a program director at the U.S. National Science Foundation.

Meghan Avolio, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center, USA

Ignasi Bartomeus, Estación Biológica de Doñana, Spain

Ignasi's research focuses on how different drivers of global change are affecting ecosystem functioning, and how biodiversity can buffer these effects. That includes different lines of research, including biological invasion effects on plant-pollinatior networks, climate change effects on plant and bee phenologies, native biotic resistance to invasive species or the maintenance of ecosystem services, like pollination, in agroecosystems.

 Peter J. Bellingham, Landcare Research, New Zealand

Peter’s research focuses on the ecology of temperate and tropical forests, especially on the consequences of disturbance and biological invasions, and interactions between them, for succession and forest dynamics and ecosystem function. He has a long-standing interest in the ecology of island ecosystems.



Stephen P. Bonser, University of New South Wales, Australia

Stephen is an evolutionary ecologist with primary research interests in adaptive strategies in plants. Much of his current research focusses on the interactions between plants and their competitors and enemies, how plants adapt to new and changing environmental adversities, and the evolutionary ecology of reproductive strategies in plants. Stephen also has long term research interests in the interplay between plant growth form and adaptation, and the evolutionary ecology of phenotypic plasticity.

Caroline Brophy, Maynooth University, Ireland

Caroline’s research interests lie at the interface of statistics and ecology. She works on the development of modelling tools to describe aspects of the biodiversity and ecosystem function relationship and is particularly interested in species rich systems, multifunctionality and the changing dynamics of species in grassland and other ecosystems.

Yvonne Buckley, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

Yvonne has research interests on how humans can live well on the planet, environmental decision making, plant ecology, invasion ecology, plant-herbivore interactions and quantitative ecology. She coordinates a global coordinated distributed observational research network for plant population dynamics called PLANTPOPNET and is involved in several other data sharing and collaborative projects.

James F. Cahill, University of Alberta, Canada

Research in the Cahill lab addresses a diversity of fundamental questions in plant ecology. They take a broad approach to research, with interest in plant behavioural ecology, competition, plant-pollinator interactions, insect and mammalian herbivory, evolutionary and functional ecology, climate change, and mychorrhizae.


Duncan Cameron, University of Sheffield, UK 

Charlie D. Canham, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, USA

Dr. Canham's research includes: Development and application of SORTIE, a spatially-explicit model of forest dynamics; neighborhood dynamics of forest ecosystems; effects of vertebrate consumers on forest dynamics; effects of hurricanes on temperate and tropical forest dynamics; watershed-scale analyses of variation in lake chemistry; likelihood estimation methods and modeling.  

Jane Catford, University of Southampton, UK

Jane’s research centres on community assembly and invasion ecology. She is particularly interested in how environmental, biological and geographic factors affect the functional composition of plant communities. Current research foci include the causes and consequences of invasion; species invasiveness and ecosystem invasibility; the role of human activities in facilitating invasion and vegetation change. Her work covers both the practical and theoretical aspects of biological invasions and native vegetation restoration. She has ongoing field experiments in Australia, the US and UK, and mostly conducts field research in grasslands, wetlands, rivers and riparian ecosystems. While rooted in community and invasion ecology, her work extends to succession, species coexistence, disturbance, ecosystem restoration, vegetation management, novel ecosystems, assisted colonization, river health, impacts of flow regulation and climate change. 

Han Chen, Lakeland University, Canada

Han's research focuses mainly on forest ecology, particularly plant diversity, ecosystem functioning, succession, climate change and nutrient dynamics, frequently involving large spatial and long temporal scales. Much of his work is designed to provide scientific under-pinning for ecological sustainability of forest ecosystems in a changing environment. 

Hans J.H.C. Cornelissen, Free University, The Netherlands

Hans’ central research theme focuses on the amount that the functional biodiversity of ecosystems, through the traits of their component plant species and types, control carbon, nutrient and water cycling in different biomes of the world feeds back to climate.



Will K. Cornwell, The University of New South Wales, Australia


Franciska De Vries, The University of Manchester, UK

Franciska’s research interests are focussed on the effects of land use and climate change on soil biodiversity, and subsequently on the effects of changes in soil biodiversity on ecosystem processes. She is particularly interested in how plants and soil microbial communities interact under these changing circumstances, and how this influences ecosystem processes like nutrient and carbon cycling. Some past and current research topics are the retention of nitrogen in terrestrial ecosystems; indirect, plant-mediated, climate change effects on soil organisms and their functioning; fundamental controls on the stability of soil communities and their functioning; and incorporating this knowledge into sustainable farming systems. Franciska is also Secretary of the BES special interest group Plants, Soils, Ecosystems.


Giselda Durigan, Instituto Florestal do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil

Giselda’s research focuses on terrestrial ecosystems in the tropics, especially savannas, grasslands and seasonal forests, frequently involving their structure, species composition and the investigation of factors behind spatial differences and changes over time. Much of her work aim at the application of ecological knowledge for ecosystem conservation, management and restoration.


Andrew R. Dyer, University of South Carolina Aiken, USA

Andy is interested in the seed ecology of invasive plants, particularly annual grasses (Aegilops, Avena, Bromus) and nutsedges (Cyperus). Most of the research focus is on population-level variation in patterns of induced dormancy, germination plasticity relative to seed size variation, and trans-generational effects with the goal of understanding better how these traits invasiveness.


David Edwards, University of Sheffield, UK


Jason Fridley, Syracuse University, USA

< Jason studies the assembly of plant communities and how assembly processes influence ecosystem functioning. Much of his research has a biogeographic context and involves aspects of biological invasions and global change.



Emily Farrer, Tulane University, USA

Emily’s research examines the interactions that structure plant and microbial communities in space and time, and how global change alters these interactions with consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem function. She studies ecology using a framework that integrates across a variety of disciplines – community ecology, microbial ecology, ecosystem ecology, invasion biology – and utilizes a broad range of statistical modeling, GIS, and molecular techniques. She has used this framework to ask questions about plant-soil feedbacks, plant population dynamics, woody encroachment, and invasive species spread.


Jacquelyn Gill, University of Maine, USA


Frank S. Gilliam, Marshall University, USA

Frank’s research interests perhaps can be described best as broad-based within the general area of plant ecology, as may be seen in his publication record, with papers published in nearly 30 different journals. Most of what Frank does lies at the boundary between the levels of terrestrial plant communities and ecosystems. He is particularly interested in the movement and cycling of plant nutrients within terrestrial ecosystems. Directly related to this are interests in fire ecology and the effects of fire on nutrient cycling and on plants and soils in fire-prone ecosystems. Also related to his ecosystem approach to ecological research is an interest in atmospheric deposition and precipitation chemistry. This interest has led to the study of pollutant conditions (acid deposition and ozone) in forested areas. Frank’s interests at the level of the plant community are focused predominantly on forest community ecology. He is particularly interested in secondary succession and the species dynamics of the herbaceous layer of forests, as well as the variety of biotic and abiotic factors that influence species composition and change within this vegetation stratum. His future research plans reflect extensions of previous work in the following three areas: (1) vegetation dynamics in forest ecosystems, (2) nitrogen dynamics of forest ecosystems, and (3) species composition and stand structure in old-growth longleaf pine forests


Lorena Gómez-Aparicio, Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología (IRNAS-CSIC), Spain


Dali Guo, Peking University, China

Dali Guo is a professor in root ecology and plant ecology from the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences. His main interests include biogeography of roots and mycorrhizal fungi, plant functional traits in relation to species coexistence and distributions, and forest ecosystem structure and function. Dali has published +40 papers in peer-reviewed journals.


Matt Heard, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, UK

Matt is a terrestrial ecologist with wide ranging interests, but detailed knowledge of plant community ecology and plant-animal interactions. The broad focus of his research is to understand: i) what the key drivers causing declines in wildlife are, and ii) develop and evaluate actions to halt or reverse these declines. He studies a range of taxa from plants, microbes, invertebrates to small mammals and birds and tackles these questions through experimentation, fieldwork, analyses of large datasets, and modelling. Current research themes include interactions between agriculture and biodiversity, pollination ecology, ecosystem function, restoration ecology and plant community dynamics.

Andrew Hector, University of Oxford, UK


Martin Heil, CINVESTAV - Irapuato, Mexico


Laura Huenneke, Northern Arizona University, USA


Randall Hughes, Northeastern University, USA


Amy Iler, Aarhus University, Denmark


Hans Jacquemyn, University of Leuven, Belgium

During the past fifteen years, Hans has been working intensively on the effects of habitat fragmentation on plant fitness and population viability. Recently, he is exploring how changes in pollinator communities affect floral traits and mating system evolution in plants. Besides he has a keen interest in orchid biology, particularly in how mycorrhizal associations affect spatial population dynamics and coexistence of orchids.


Hans de Kroon, Radboud University, The Netherlands

Hans' research focusses on plant individuals and how their properties influence plant interactions, population dynamics and community processes. In his experimental work he predominantly focusses in root traits and interactions with soil abiotic and biotic conditions. Population modelling studies are carried to elucidate the bottlenecks for success or failure of populations. Both experimental and modelling studies are increasingly framed in the context of species coexistence mechanisms and community performance.


Etienne Laliberté, University of Montréal, Canada

Etienne’s research focuses on plant functional traits to understand and predict changes in vegetation following environmental changes. He is particularly interested in ecological interactions among soils, plants and their root-associated microbes and their consequences on plant biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.


Jennifer Lau, Michigan State University, USA

Jennifer’s research investigates how plants and the microbes, herbivores, and pollinators with which they interact with respond to human-caused environmental changes, including global warming, nitrogen deposition, and increased atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Her work uses quantitative genetic analyses to predict how environmental change will affect the evolution of plants and experimental evolution studies to test for rapid evolutionary responses to global change. Her work suggests that species interactions play a key role in mediating evolutionary responses to global change.


John A. Lee, University of Sheffield, UK

Research focuses on plant responses to pollutant deposition and the effects of global change on ecosystem processes. This includes studies of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on semi-natural grasslands, heathlands and bogs in the UK and the effects of increased temperature, elevated CO2 and enhanced UV-B radiation on arctic heathlands. The latter continues a long standing research interest in the adaptations of plants to growth in extreme environments.


Emily Lines, Queen Mary University of London, UK

Emily’s research interests combine ecology, remote sensing and the terrestrial carbon cycle. She is particularly interested in forest ecology, data assimilation and novel uses of freely available data. Her research addresses the structure and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, how and why these vary and how they will change with climate change, using mathematical and computational approaches.




Glenn R. Matlack, Ohio University, USA

Glenn’s research program includes the spatial and temporal structure of habitat strongly influences the distribution, abundance, and reproductive success of plants. For example, the patchy distribution of forest, agriculture, and suburbs can influence the patterns of invasion by exotic species, regeneration of native species following disturbance, epidemic spread of pathogens, and responses of herb species to human disturbance. The deciduous forests of southern Ohio provide an ideal laboratory to examine these processes. Glenn works primarily with forest herbs (we have a world-class wildflower community), but also with deciduous tree species, invasive exotics, and soil-dwelling invertebrates. Much of this work is directed to forest conservation and management.


Rebecca McCulley, University of Kentucky, USA


Matthew McGlone, Landcare Research, New Zealand


Liesje Mommer, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

Liesje's research focus lies belowground: the plant root and the rhizosphere. Her aim is to unravel the functional interactions among plant roots and associated soil-borne fungi and how these control plant diversity and ecosystem functioning. Liesje's ‘niche’ as an ecologist is that she applies a mechanistic approach at the interface of plant ecology, plant physiology, molecular biology and phytopathology.


Gabriela Bielefeld Nardoto, Universidade de Brasília, Brazil

Most of Gabriela's research is related to studying coupled biogeochemical cycles, especially on how nutrients control the carbon cycle in the Neotropics. Gabriela mostly uses the ecological approach of the stable isotope methodology (C, N, O) to assess abiotic and biotic controls on ecosystem processes in the natural Amazonian tropical forest and Brazilian savanna (Cerrado). She has also set up a long term experiment in fragmented areas of the Cerrado dealing with the impact of human disturbance in the soil-plant system.


Christer Nilsson, Umea University, Sweden

Christer is particularly interested in how ecosystem processes govern riparian and aquatic plant communities. His current research focuses on the ecological effects of stream restoration and on the biological impacts of climate change, mainly in northern regions with long winters. Christer also studies ecological interactions between landscape elements, especially the role of streams and rivers in dispersing seeds across landscapes.


Natalia Norden, Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, Colombia


Ryan Phillips, Kings Park and Botanic Gardens, Australia

Ryan's primary area of research is the ecology, evolution and conservation of specialised ecological interactions, with an emphasis on the processes underpinning plant diversification, floral evolution and the role of specialised interactions in plant species rarity. He has focused on members of the Orchidaceae pollinated by sexual deception and vertebrate-pollinated plants from the Haemodoraceae, Proteaceae and Myrtaceae, representing diverse Australian plant families.


Frida Piper, CIEP, Chile

Frida is a plant ecophysiologist interested in the ecological and evolutionary significance of resource allocation in plants. Frida has a special interest in plant carbon balance and how it relates to plant morphology and physiology, species distribution, community assemblage, and stress tolerance. The systems that have captured her attention so far, and on which she develops most of her ongoing research, are the alpine treeline, the evergreen temperate rainforest, and the deciduous forests of Nothofagus. All these study systems occur where Frida lives, in the centre of the Chilean Patagonia.


Alison Power, Cornell University, USA

Alison’s research program focuses on disease ecology in plant communities. Using manipulative field and greenhouse experiments, Alison and her students have examined how landscape heterogeneity, plant community diversity and composition, host genetic diversity, and plant density and dispersion affect herbivores and pathogens in natural and agricultural ecosystems. They have addressed these topics in various locations in the U.S., Central America, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Alison is particularly interested in the influence of plant community structure on the epidemiology of insect-borne pathogens of plants, along with the reciprocal impacts of pathogens on the structure of plant communities. In recent years, they have used a group of aphid-transmitted viruses, widespread pathogens of grasses, as a model system to address virus dynamics in western grasslands, co-infection by multiple pathogens, and the ecological risks of transgenic virus resistance in crops. Alison also has a long-standing interest in agroecology and the interface between food security, food systems, and ecosystem services to and from agricultural systems.


Honor C. Prentice, Lund University, Sweden

Honor’s current research centres on the mechanisms involved in the maintenance or loss of biodiversity on different scales – from genes and populations to species and landscapes. Much of her work focuses on semi-natural grassland ecosystems and the old cultural landscape on the Baltic island of Öland. She also has a long-standing interest in patterns of differentiation, evolution and systematics within the genus Silene


Nicole Rafferty, University of California, Riverside, USA

Nicole’s research investigates the ways in which species interactions, particularly plant-pollinator interactions, are influenced by environmental conditions. Most of her research focuses on the consequences of climate change-induced shifts in the timing of life history events. She uses a combination of historical phenological data, experimental manipulations of phenology, and field observations of existing variation in flowering time to understand how interactions between plants and pollinators, and the ecosystem service they provide, are likely to be affected by climate change.


Julieta Rosell, UNAM, Mexico

Julieta’s research focuses on plant ecology and evolution. She has worked on the functional ecology of woody stems, including mechanics, storage, conductivity, and structure of bark and wood, along with the evolution of life forms in diverse clades in the wet and dry tropics. She has recently started work on the functional ecology of maize and bean races of her native Mexico, plant-soil relationships in agroecosystems, and ecological issues in forest management and biodiversity conservation.

 Roberto Salguero-Gómez, University of Sheffield, UK

Rob integrates research questions in ecology and evolutionary biology by using a variety of methods that include histology, plant ecophysiology, demographic discrete and continuous models, and comparative biology. His research focuses mostly on the exploration of strategies that allow organisms to survive in arid environments, particularly in the light of climate change, and the conditions under which organisms can slow down or even escape demographic senescence. He works primarily on plants, but has recently started to extend his comparative demographic approaches to animals and fungi too.

Akiko Satake, Hokkaido University, Japan

Akiko studies diverse aspects of biological systems using mathematical and computational approaches. She is interested in exploring mechanisms of reproductive synchrony in plant populations, molecular mechanism of flowering time, forest dynamics, human and animal decision-making using non-linear dynamics, lattice models, game theory, and learning theory.


Susan Schwinning, Texas State University, USA

Susan is interested in the processes of competition, primary production and coexistence for plants in water-limited environments. Trained originally as a plant physiological ecologist, her research now spans the range from field studies with applied focus (e.g., invasive species control) to models of plant competition, coexistence and vegetation dynamics.


Marina Semchenko, University of Tartu, Estonia

The main focus of Marina’s research is on plant behaviour. She is particularly interested in the mechanisms that mediate plant-plant interactions and in establishing how the nature of plant responses to neighbours is affected by the evolutionary history of the species involved in the interaction.



Richard P. Shefferson, University of Tokyo, Japan

Richard's main research interests are in the evolutionary ecology of plants. His current research is focused on life history evolution in herbaceous perennials, particularly on lifespan and ageing, reproductive schedules, eco-evolutionary feedbacks to life cycles, and basic demographic and physiological trade-offs in plants. As he is in many ways a demographer, he also studies the conservation and viability of plant populations, particularly orchids, as well as evolutionary trajectories for particular plant traits. Finally, Richard also studies the evolution of plant-fungal interactions, particularly co-evolution in the mycorrhiza.


Brian Silliman, Duke University, USA

In Brian’s research he uses observations of natural communities throughout the world as primary inspiration for his study questions. Most generally, Brian’s teaching and research efforts are focused on community ecology of salt marshes and rocky shores, conservation of coastal wetlands and reef fish populations, physical-forcing and disease-mediated control of food web dynamics, plant-animal interactions and evolution of fungal farming behaviour.

 Nathan Swenson, Michigan State University, USA

Nate investigates plant biodiversity across scales by integrating several approaches including functional ecology, physiological ecology, phylogenetics, functional genomics and biodiversity informatics. Most of his field research concerns tropical tree assemblages, but he also studies temperate zone woody plant assemblages in the USA, China and New Zealand.



Carol Thornber, The University of Rhode Island, United States


Peter Thrall, CSIRO Plant Industry, Australia

Peter’s current research is in two conceptually related areas, one aimed at integrating molecular and population-level studies to elucidate the consequences of demographic and genetic processes for the evolution of host resistance and pathogen infectivity, and the other focused on the community and functional ecology of plant-soil community interactions in natural and agricultural settings. He is also broadly interested in the application of eco-evolutionary principles to predicting and managing biotic interactions in agricultural systems.


Matthew H. Turnbull, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Matthew is a plant physiological ecologist with broad interests in the ecophysiology of resource acquisition in natural and managed ecosystems. His specific interests include the determinants of photosynthesis and respiration, the use of stable isotopes in plant physiology and ecology and global change biology.


Nicole van Dam, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Germany


Marcel van der Heijden, ART Research Station, Zürich, Switzerland

Marcel’s research focuses on plant-soil interactions, community ecology and sustainable agriculture. He is specifically interested in the relationship between soil biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, symbiotic associations between plants and soil microbes, mycorrhizal ecology, nutrient cycling and the development of ecological farming systems.


Peter Vesk, University of Melbourne, Australia

Peter's research focus is gathering, formalising and generalising knowledge, often for ecological management. He aims to bridge the gaps between field ecology, comparative ecology, modelling and decisions. Peter mainly works in Australian systems, with plant traits, and statistical modelling. Recent emphasis has been on understanding vegetation change and estimating its likelihood and uncertainty to aid restoration decisions; incorporating species traits into multispecies models; projecting and optimizing the biodiversity benefits of ecosystem management in rural landscapes.


David Wardle, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

The primary focus of David's research involves exploring the links between aboveground and belowground communities and their consequences for ecosystem functioning. Much of his research is field based, and includes work in Swedish boreal forest and subarctic tundra, and forests in New Zealand, Australia and elsewhere. Current projects focus on ecosystem impacts of invasive biota; consequences of wildfire; ecological changes across successional, retrogressive and elevational gradients; aspects of island ecology; and the ecological role of forest understory vegetation.


Kenneth D. Whitney, University of New Mexico, USA

Ken uses techniques from experimental field ecology, phylogenetic comparative biology, and molecular and statistical genetics to understand the evolutionary trajectories of populations and the structure of communities in the wild. In particular, he focuses on the causes and consequences of interspecific hybridization, invasion biology, the maintenance and effects of genetic diversity, and the ecology and evolution of genome size. His lab often uses plants and their animal associates (herbivores, seed dispersers, pollinators, ant guards) as study systems.


Gail W.T Wilson, Oklahoma State University, USA


Scott D. Wilson, University of Regina, Canada

Scott’s lab studies plant interactions, primarily using field experiments in established vegetation. Scott’s team works to understand how interactions control resources and species distributions, and thus the composition and diversity of communities.


Nina Wurzburger, University of Georgia, USA

Nina's research investigates the biogeochemical cycles of terrestrial ecosystems. Much of Nina's current research is focused on how physical disturbance and hydroclimate variability affect ecosystem recovery. She has a special interest in plant-soil relationships, including fine roots and their functional traits, plant and microbial nutrient limitation, symbiotic organisms (mycorrhizal fungi and N2-fixing bacteria) and how they fit within the broader context of ecosystems. Her research spans tropical, temperate and arctic ecosystems.


Amy Zanne, The George Washington University, USA


Shurong Zhou, Fudan University, China

Shurong's research interests are theoretical ecology, using ecological modeling, mathematical analysis, simulation, and field investigation to study population dynamics and the underlying ecological and evolutionary mechanisms of species coexistence at different spatial and temporal scales.


Gerhard ZotzUniversity of Oldenburg, Germany
Gerhard is mostly interested in tropical plant life, particularly vascular and non-vascular epiphytes, but also hemiepiphytes. Trying to identify and understand the idiosyncrasies of their ecology, His research covers (almost) everything from functional morphology, physiological ecology to biogeography and evolution.


Pieter A. ZuidemaWageningen University, The Netherlands
Pieter studies the ecology, dynamics and management of tropical forests. He is particularly interested in tropical forests responses to climatic changes and demography of tropical forest trees. He applies tree ring analyses, stable isotope measurements, tree growth models and demographic models to understand forest history, tree age distributions, the maintenance of tree populations, effects of harvesting, population viability of threatened species, tree species assembly and effects of climate change on trees and forests.

Biological Flora of the British Isles Associate Editors

Mick Crawley, Imperial College London, UK

Oliver Pescott, Biological Records Centre, UK

Chris Preston, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, UK

Michael Proctor, University of Exeter, UK

Charlotte Seal, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK

David Streeter, University of Sussex, UK

Peter Thomas, Keele University, UK

Michael Usher, University of Stirling, UK

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