Virtual Issue: Ecology and Evolution in Ireland

Edited by Yvonne M. Buckley, Hugh B. Feeley, Paul Giller, Ian Montgomery and John Quinn 

November 2016

Researchers based in Ireland or working on Irish ecosystems have had a long history of association with the British Ecological Society and its journals. During his BES Presidential address the English born Amyan MacFadyen, then based in Northern Ireland, had “some thoughts on the behavior of ecologists” (Macfadyen 1975). Macfadyen appealed for a more integrative and systems based approach, which resonates increasingly as technological advances proliferate. While differences in funding, research priorities and cultures have naturally driven diversity in research outputs across Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom) and the Republic of Ireland, the recently founded Irish Ecological Association brings together ecologists and evolutionary biologists from across the island as a partner organization of the BES. Given current political uncertainties following the “Brexit” referendum in the UK it is vital that cross-border UK and Irish scientific collaborations and funding continue to be strengthened. The new partnership between IEA and BES comes at an important time for ecological science in these islands.

In this Virtual Issue we combine papers from the BES journals to give a flavour of the research strengths, interests and insights from ecologists active on the island of Ireland. These papers from Journal of Ecology, Journal of Animal Ecology, Journal of Applied Ecology, Functional Ecology and Methods in Ecology & Evolution, represent a snapshot of the total research from the island. This collection is timely as it coincides with and complements the 1st meeting of the Irish Ecological Association “Ecology & Evolution Ireland 2016” and we hope will act as a pointer to future research.

The full introduction to this Virtual Issue can be downloaded here.

How open were European primeval forests? Hypothesis testing using palaeoecological data
Fraser J. G. Mitchell

Evenness drives consistent diversity effects in intensive grassland systems across 28 European sites
L. Kirwan, A. Luscher, M. T. Sebastia, J. A. Finn, R. P. Collins, C. Porqueddu, A. Helgadottir, O. H. Baadshaug, C. Brophy, C. Coran, S. Dalmannsdottir, I. Delgado, A. Elgersma, M. Fothergill, B. E. Frankow-Lindberg, P. Golinski, P. Grieu, A. M. Gustavsson, M. Hoglind, O. Huguenin-Elie, C. Iliadis, M. Jorgensen, Z. Kadziuliene, T. Karyotis, T. Lunnan, M. Malengier, S. Maltoni, V. Meyer, D. Nyfeler, P. Nykanen-Kurki, J. Parente, H. J. Smit, U. Thumm & J. Connolly

Linkages between plant functional composition, fine root processes and potential soil N mineralization rates
Dario A. Fornara, David Tilman & Sarah E. Hobbie

Does the biogeographic origin of species matter? Ecological effects of native and non-native species and the use of origin to guide management
Yvonne M. Buckley & Jane Catford

Photosynthetic responses of C3 and C4 wetland species in a tropical swamp
Michael B. Jones

Nutrient enrichment alters the consequences of species loss
Nessa E. O'Connor, Matthew E. S. Bracken, Tasman P. Crowe & Ian Donohue

Plant toxin levels in nectar vary spatially across native and introduced populations
Paul A. Egan, Phillip C. Stevenson, Erin Jo Tiedeken, Geraldine A. Wright, Fabio Boylan & Jane C. Stout

Temporal variability of a single population can determine the vulnerability of communities to perturbations
Robert J. Mrowicki, Nessa E. O’Connor & Ian Donohue

diveRsity: An R package for the estimation and exploration of population genetics parameters and their associated errors
Kevin Keenan, Philip McGinnity, Tom F. Cross, Walter W. Crozier & Paulo A

Simulating regimes of chemical disturbance and testing impacts in the ecosystem using a novel programmable dosing system
Mark Anthony Browne, Paul R. Brooks, Robert Clough, Andrew S. Fisher, Mariana Mayer Pinto & Tasman P. Crowe

Nectar chemistry modulates the impact of an invasive plant on native pollinators
Erin Jo Tiedeken, Paul A. Egan, Philip C. Stevenson, Geraldine A. Wright, Mark J. F Brown, Eileen F. Power, Iain Farrell, Sharon M. Matthews & Jane C. Stout

Predator-free space, functional responses and biological invasions
Daniel Barrios-O'Neill, Jaimie T. A. Dick, Mark C. Emmerson, Anthony Ricciardi & Hugh J. MacIsaac

Disease emergence and invasions
Melanie J. Hatcher, Jaimie T. A. Dick & Alison M. Dunn

Large-scale movements in European badgers: has the tail of the movement kernel been underestimated?
Andrew W. Byrne, John L. Quinn, James J. O’Keeffe, Stuart Green, D. Paddy Sleeman, S. Wayne Martin & John Davenport

Replacement of the indigenous amphipod Gammarus duebeni celticus by the introduced Gammarus pulex - differential cannibalism and mutual predation
Jaimie T. A. Dick, Ian Montgomery and Robert W. Elwood

Predator-prey body size, interaction strength and the stability of a real food web
Mark C. Emmerson & Dave Raffaelli

Carry-over effects reveal reproductive costs in a long-distance migrant
Richard Inger, Xavier A. Harrison, Graeme D. Ruxton, Jason Newton, Kendrew Colhoun, Gudmundur A. Gudmundsson, Graham McElwaine, Matthew Pickford, David Hodgson & Stuart Bearhop

Comparing isotopic niche widths among and within communities: SIBER - Stable Isotope Bayesian Ellipses in R
Andrew L. Jackson, Richard Inger, Andrew C. Parnell & Stuart Bearhop

The effects of dispersal mode on the spatial distribution patterns of intertidal molluscs
M. P. Johnson, A. L. Allcock, S. E. Pye, S. J. Chambers & D. M. Fitton

A sting in the spit: widespread cross-infection of multiple RNA viruses across wild and managed bees
Dino P. McMahon, Matthias A. Furst, Jesicca Caspar, Panagiotis Theodorou, Mark J. F. Brown & Robert J. Paxton

Warming can enhance invasion success through asymmetries in energetic performance
Marcin R. Penk, Jonathan M. Jeschke, Dan Minchin & Ian Donohue

Social structure emerges via the interaction between local ecology and individual behaviour
Colby J. Tanner & Andrew L. Jackson 

Prioritizing management actions for invasive populations using cost, efficacy, demography and expert opinion for 14 plant species world-wide
Natalie Z. Kerr, Peter W. J. Baxter, Roberto Salguero-Gomez, Glenda M. Wardle & Yvonne M. Buckley

Effects of seal predation on a modelled marine fish community and consequences for a commercial fishery
Jennifer E. Houle, Francisco de Castro, Michelle A. Cronin, Keith D. Farnsworth, Martha Gosch & David G. Reid

Chemical contaminant effects on marine ecosystem functioning
Emma L. Johnston, Mariana Mayer-Pinto & Tasman P. Crowe

Ecosystem function enhanced by combining four functional types of plant species in intensively managed grassland mixtures: a 3-year continental-scale field experiment
John A. Finn, Laura Kirwan, John Connolly, M. Teresa Sebastia, Aslaug Helgadottir, Ole G. Baadshaug, Gilles Belanger, Alistair Black, Caroline Brophy, Rosemary P. Collins, Jure Cop, Sigridur Dalmannsdottir, Ignacio Delgado, Anjo Elgersma, Michael Fothergill, Bodil E. Frankow-Lindberg, An Ghesquiere, Barbara Golinska, Piotr Golinski, Philippe Grieu, Anne-Maj Gustavsson, Mats Hoglind, Olivier Huguenin-Elie, Marit Jorgensen, Zydre Kadziuliene, Paivi Kurki, Rosa Llurba, Tor Lunnan, Claudio Porqueddu, Matthias Suter, Ulrich Thumm & Andreas Luscher

Organic dairy farming: impacts on insect-flower interaction networks and pollination
Eileen F. Power & Jane C. Stout

The potential of parasitoid Hymenoptera as bioindicators of arthropod diversity in agricultural grasslands
Annette Anderson, Stephen McCormack, Alvin Helden, Helen Sheridan, Anne Kinsella & Gordon Purvis

Impacts of an aggressive riparian invader on community structure and ecosystem functioning in stream food webs
Sally Hladyz, Kajsa Abjornsson, Paul S. Giller & Guy Woodward

On difficulties with replacement-series methodology in mixture experiments
John Connolly


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